Community Concerns and Development Methodologies June/July 2008 Past Paper– KNEC Diploma

Community Concerns and Development Methodologies Past Examination Question Paper – June/July 2008

This Past Paper examination was examined by the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) and it applies to the following courses:

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DIPLOMA IN SOCIAL WORK AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
MODULE 3 (KNEC)
COMMUNITY CONCERNS AND DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES (JUNE/JULY 2008)

SECTION A: MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNITY CONCERNS

1. a) Explain five factors that promote good nutrition in the society (10 marks)
b) Outline five intervention measures that government takes to prevent environmental degradation (10 marks)

2. a) State and explain four situations where a disaster supply kit is required (8 marks)
b) Describe six roles of the police in combating insecurity (12 marks)

3. a) Outline eight advantages of pit latrines in rural areas (8 marks)
b) State and explain six causes of poverty (12 marks)

4. a) Explain five consequences of wife inheritance (10 marks)
b) Explain five advantages of educating the girl child (10 marks)

SECTION B: DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES

5. a) Explain the following terms;
i. Community entry
ii. Brainstorming
iii. Focus group discussion
iv. Local community organizer (LCO) (8 marks)
b) State and explain six types of social action models (12 marks)

6. a) Explain four purposes of participatory evaluation (8 marks) b) i. Distinguish between “Top-Down” and “Bottom-up” approach to community development (4 marks)
ii. Explain four advantages of “Bottom-up” approach to community development (8 marks)

7. a) Explain five reasons why community participation is important in development (10 marks)
b) Government assistance of self help projects in Kenya has been characterized by many problems. Describe five such problems (10 marks)

8. a) State and explain four challenges to local HIV/AIDS community mobilization programmes (8 marks)
b) Describe six key phases of Participatory Assessment Monitoring and Evaluation (PAME) (12 marks)

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