Cost Accounting July 2016 Past Examination Question Paper – KNEC
This Past Paper examination was examined by the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) and it applies to the following courses:
Diploma in Supply chain Management – Module II
Diploma in Business Management – Module II
Diploma in Project Management – Module II
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THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
DIPLOMA IN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT DIPLOMA IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT
(a) The following information was extracted from the books of Ndoni Ltd for the year ended 31st December 2015:
Raw materials 2,660,000
Direct labour 3,500,000
Factory power 1,100,000
Factory supervision salaries 1,730,000
Direct expenses 600,000
- Stock of raw materials
1st January 2015 400,000
31st December 2015 230,000
- Depreciation charge for the year for plant and 340,000
- During the year ended 31st December 2015,
2,000,000 units were produced
- The production cost per unit for the year ended 31stDecember 2014 was Ksh8.50.
- Prepare a cost statement for the year ended 31 st December 2015 showing:
- Raw materials consumed.
- Prime cost.
- Total production cost.
- Production cost per unit.
- State two management actions that may have caused the changes in
production cost per unit noted in (i) above. (8 marks)
(b) Panda Ltd operates a factory which has 15 direct workers. Employees are paid a
basic wage rate of Ksh350 per hour. The normal working hours per week is 40 hours. During the week ended 5th April 2016, the total time worked by direct workers was 690 hours. Overtime is paid at time rate and a third. Overtime is worked to meet general production requirements. Twenty hours of direct workers’ time were regarded as idle time.
|For the||week ended 5th April 2016, calculate:|
- (a) Bidii Ltd manufactures products on order. The firm has two departments, machining
and assembly. Overheads are absorbed using machine hours for machining department and labour hours for assembly departments.
The following estimates were made for the year to 31st December 2013:
Machining department Assembly department
During the month of February 2015, information relates to the job:
Prepare a job cost card for Job No. JB77. (8 marks)
(b) Mega Ltd was awarded a contract of building an office block for Tawala college.
The contract price was Ksh 15,000,000. The construction started on 1st January 2015. The following information relates to the contract for the year ended 31st December 2015:
|Materials sent to site||3,100|
|Materials returned to stores||130|
|Materials on site – 31 December 2015||470|
|Plant installed at site||5,200|
|Plant value – 31 December 2015||4,500|
|Wages accrued – 31 December 2015||200|
|Direct expenses paid||1,100|
|Cost of work not certified||1,800|
- It is the company’s policy to report two-thirds of the profit. The company takes into account cash received in computation of profit.
- Retention money had been agreed at 10%.
(1) Contract account.
- Contractee account. (12 marks)
- (a) Bonde Ltd manufactures a product which uses material M45 in its production.
The following information relates to the material:
The company uses Last In First Out (LIFO) method of valuing material issues.
Prepare a stores ledger account for the month of March 2016. (12 marks)
Kill intends to start offering transport services on route 460. He intends to purchase a motor vehicle for the business. The following information relates to the vehicle:
|Cost of vehicle||Ksh1,200,00|
|Estimated scrap value||400,000|
|Expected useful life||4 years|
|Estimated distance to cover per year||60,000 Km|
|Annual insurance premium||Ksh150,000|
|Repairs and maintenance per year||70,000|
|Drivers monthly salary||20,000|
|Cost of tyres per annum||38,000|
|Cleaning and security expenses per month||1,000|
|Annual membership fee||10,000|
|Depreciation is charged on straight line basis.|
- The total cost per annum.
- The cost per Km
- The vehicle will operate for 250 days per year and earn an average revenue
of Ksh9,000 per day. Other administration expenses are estimated at Ksh530,000 per annum.
- Determine the expected annual profit or loss.
- Advise Kili whether to invest in the transport services business or not.
Explain in each of the following terms:
- Fixed costs
- Direct costs
- Variable costs
- Factory overheads (8 marks)
(b) Jaza Ltd manufactures and sells its components in batches. The batches pass
through four departments. The company has received an order for 200 components which will be made as Batch CPX4. The following information relates to the batch:
50 hours in department A at Ksh30 per labour hour.
100 hours in department B at Ksh4o per labour hour.
32 hours in department C at Ksh25 per labour hour.
20 hours in department D at Ksh35 per labour hour.
Overheads are absorbed using direct labour hours. The budgeted overheads and labour hours for the period were Ksh3 50,000 and 28,000 hours respectively. Administration overheads are charged at 10% of factory cost. The company loads a profit of 20% of total cost of all work undertaken.
Prepare a batch statement for CPX4 showing:
- The total cost
- The selling price
- The cost per unit
- The selling price per unit (12 marks)
- (a) Abdi and Betty are employed by Bora manufacturers. During the week ended
1st March 2016, Abdi was issued with materials to make 200 units and Betty was issued with materials to make 180 units of product P22. The time allowed per unit is 15 minutes.
The normal working hours per week is 40 hours. Overtime is paid
at a rate of time and a half A bonus based on time saved is paid at 70% of the
basic hourly rate of Ksh50. Abdi completed his work m 45 hours while Betty took
|(i) For||each employee, determine|
|V)||Labour cost per unit|
(ii) Advise the management on the efficiency of the two workers. (8 marks)
(b) Sukuma Ltd has three production departments A, B and C. The following are the budgeted overheads for the year to 31st December 2015:
|Insurance of machinery||81,000|
Number of employees 8 12 4
Book value of machinery (Ksh) 480,000 360,000 240,000
Prepare an overhead analysis sheet. (12 marks)
- Explain four benefits that may be derived from installing an effective cost accounting system. (8 marks)
- Kaka Ltd manufacturers a product which goes through a single process. The following information relates to the process for the month of January 2016.
Process costs: Ksh
Materials (3,200 units) 128,000
During the year, 2,800 units were transferred to finished goods, while 400 units remained as work-in-progress with the following percentages of completion:
|Prepare a production cost statement showing: