• Administrative tribunals are bodies created by statute to determine certain types of disputes.
• They supplement ordinary courts in the administration of justice.
• These tribunals are guided by the principles of natural justice.
• A decision of the tribunal may be appealed against or be challenged in the High court.
• Examples include Insurance Appeals Tribunal, Capital Markets Tribunal, Co-operative societies tribunal, University senate.
• These tribunals exercise quasi judicial functions.
• Speed: tribunals are faster in dispute resolution since their diaries are not clogged.
• Cheap: it is relatively cheaper to see a dispute through a tribunal. There is a saving on cost.
• Informality: tribunals are generally free from technicalities which characterize ordinary courts. They are more accessible.
• Expert knowledge and specialization: tribunals are better placed to promote expertise as they deal with specific disputes.
• Policy and other matter: Tribunals take into consideration policy and other matters which courts do not refer to. Their decisions are more balanced.