Courts of law are not the only means by which disputes may be resolved. Administrative tribunals have been held to be alternatives to the courts of law in the dispensation of justice. In light of the above statement:; What do you understand by administrative tribunals? and explain four advantages of administrative tribunals over courts of law

(a) (i)
• Administrative tribunals are bodies created by statute to determine certain types of disputes.
• They supplement ordinary courts in the administration of justice.
• These tribunals are guided by the principles of natural justice.
• A decision of the tribunal may be appealed against or be challenged in the High court.
• Examples include Insurance Appeals Tribunal, Capital Markets Tribunal, Co-operative societies tribunal, University senate.
• These tribunals exercise quasi judicial functions.


• Speed: tribunals are faster in dispute resolution since their diaries are not clogged.
• Cheap: it is relatively cheaper to see a dispute through a tribunal. There is a saving on cost.
• Informality: tribunals are generally free from technicalities which characterize ordinary courts. They are more accessible.
• Expert knowledge and specialization: tribunals are better placed to promote expertise as they deal with specific disputes.
• Policy and other matter: Tribunals take into consideration policy and other matters which courts do not refer to. Their decisions are more balanced.

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