Describe the various branches of civil law

a) Law of Contract: is concerned with rights, duties and remedies of parties to a contract. It defines a contract, prescribes its elements identifies its terms and their effect and lays out the vitiating elements. It prescribes how a contract may come to an end and sets out remedies.
b) Law of Torts: is concerned with violations of personal and proprietary rights and prescribes remedies to aggrieved parties. It identifies what acts or omissions amount to torts
E.g. negligence nuisance, defamation, passing off, trespass to goods, detinue conversion, assault, battery, false imprisonment etc. It also describes certain principles e.g. strict liability, vicarious liability, occupier’s liability etc.
c) Law of Marriage: is concerned with the various ways of contracting a valid marriage, rights and duties of the spouses and divorce.
d) Law of Succession: is concerned with the disposition of a deceased’s estate. It provides for wills, dependants gifts in contemplation of death, intestate succession and probate.
e) Law of Property: is concerned with interest in land e.g. primary and secondary interest e.g. freehold and leasehold estates in land, servitudes and encumbrances. It defines the ways of acquiring interest in land and its extinguishment. It prescribes the rights and duties of persons who have an interest in land.
f) Law of Trust: is concerned with the rights, duties and other incidences between trustees and beneficiaries.

Share through

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *