Object Oriented Programming July 2016 Past Paper – KNEC Diploma

Object Oriented Programming July 2016 Past Examination Question Paper – KNEC

This Past Paper examination was examined by the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) and it applies to the following courses:

  • Diploma in Information Communication Technology

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THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
DIPLOMA IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
July 2016
Time: 3 hours

1. (a) (i) Explain the term encapsulation as used in OOP. (2 marks)
(ii) Distinguish between a class and a structure as used in OOP. (4 marks)
b) Outline four rules of naming variables. (4 marks)
c) A module II student intends to design a classs for a bank account. Describe two operations that the student should incorporate in the class justifying your answer. (4 marks)
(d) Write a C++ program that implements a class named modular with the features outlined in table 1. (6 marks)

Feature  Description
State Defined by two integers; a and b
Behaviour Defined by an operation used to accept the values of a and b, determine and display the modulus of the two Values.

Table I

2. a) Distinguish between methods and messages as used in OOP.
(i) Define the following terms as used in OOP:
i. super class; (2 marks)
ii. Template class. (2 marks)
(ii) Explain the function of each of the following in OOP:
i. Object; (2 marks)
ii. Scope resolution operator; (2 marks)
iii. State transition diagrams. (2 marks)
(c) Figure 1 shows the cross-section of a water pipe used by engineers. Write a C++ program that would implement a class in determining the cross-sectional area of the pipe. The class should contain a constructor for initializing R and r as 10 and 7 respectively and an operation for determining the area. (6 marks)

3. a) A tutor would like to introduce OOP to module II students. Outline the three typical steps of programming in object oriented languages he would highlight in the introduction. (4 marks)
b) (i)Differentiate between static and dynamic binding as applied in OOP. (4 marks)
ii) Explain the fact that object orientation supports top-down programming. (2 marks)
c) Justify the following statement.
Data security is guaranteed in OOP’’ (4 marks)
d) Interpret the following C++ program. (7 marks)

4. a) i) State two types of relationships common among classes in OOP. (2 marks)
ii) Assuming C++ programming, outline the general format of a copy constructor. (2 marks)
b) With the aid of an illustration, describe inline functions as applied in OOP stating one advantage of their use. (4 marks)
ii) Distinguish between converter and modifier operations as used in OOP. (4 marks)
c) Write a C++ that implements a class with the dimensions of a trapezium as data members and a friend function used to read the values of the dimensions determine and display the area of the trapezium. (8 marks)
Hint: Area of trapezium = ½ ( a + b ) h

5. (a) Describe two ways in which references can be used in OOP. (4 marks)
(b) (i) State two operators that can only be overloaded by a member function.
(2 marks)
(ii) Explain two important restrictions that should be considered when overloading operators in OOP. (4 marks)
c) With the aid of a C++ program segment, explain how you would overload a binary operator in a friend function. (4 marks)
(d) Write a C++ program that will create a class named rectangle with length and breadth as its member data. The class should also contain a constructor for initializing the dimensions and two member functions for determining the area and perimeter of an object with length and breadth as 10.5 and 7.0 respectively. (6 marks)

6. (a) (i) Explain the function of each of the following types of constructors:
I. Default: (2 marks)
II. Dynamic (2 marks)
(ii) Outline four characteristics of a destructor as used in OOP. (4 marks)
(b) Differentiate between ofstream and ifstream as used in files. (4 marks)

7. (a) (i) Inheritance is both on extension and a contraction. Justify this statement. (4 marks)
(ii) With the aid of an illustration, describe multi level inheritance as used in OOP.
(4 mans)
(i) Outline two benefits of using inheritance in OOP. (2 marks)
(ii) Explain the importance of using protected members in parent classes. (2 marks)
b) (i) State two processes that can be carried out in an existing file. (2 marks)
(ii) During object oriented programming sessions, a tutor instructed the students to use only the file organization methods supported by the application. Describe two such file organization methods. (4 marks)
(c) Using a pure virtual function, write a C++ program that would implement the class hierarchy shown in figure 2. The program should initialize the dimensions of the shape as a= 14 and b = 8, and output the area of the respective shapes. (10 marks)

Figure 2

8. a) (i) State three ways in which learning institution would cope with the emerging trends in OOP. (3 marks)
(ii) Distinguish between universal polymorphism and ad-hoc polymorphism as used in OOP. (4 marks)
b) Joseph would like to apply inheritance in a project we is undertaking using OOP for a client. Explain three forms of inheritance we could use. (6 marks)
(c) Write a CA program that would create an output file, write some string of text to the file, closes the file and then opens it again to read the information. The program should display the read information on the screen. (7 marks)

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