Logic and Critical Thinking – November 2019 Past Paper KNEC Diploma

Journalism November 2019 Past Examination Question Paper – KNEC

This Past Paper examination was examined by the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) and it applies to the following courses

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1. (a) Highlight six characteristics of ordinary language arguments. (12 marks)

(b) In each of the following assertions, explain whether a deductive argument is valid if it is stated that:
(i) The premises are said to entail the conclusion.
(ii) Its conclusion is false.
(iii) All its statements are true.
(iv) Its premises are true. (8 marks)

2. (a) Explain five fallacies of relevance that occur when evidence introduced shifts focus away from the thesis. (10 marks)
(b) Highlight five features of sentential logic. (10 marks)

3. (a) Explain the four logical relationships between propositions according to the square of opposition model. (8 marks)
(b) Explain six functions of language in basic logic. (12 marks)

4. (a) Highlight five sentential connectives. (10 marks)
(b) In each of the following extracts, explain the type of fallacy of presumption depicted. (10 marks)
(i) I agree that everything has a price but I believe that life is priceless.
(ii) People should keep their promises. I loaned Mike may car. He is now refusing to bring it back to me and I need to use it right now to hunt for my neighbour who killed my dog.
(iii) Question from a reporter to the CEO; Sir, are you going to continue with your policy of wasting shareholders money on fancy road shows?
(iv) Do you drink coffee? I am pretty sure that caffeine will not be strong enough, then you will have taken something stronger. Then something even stronger. Eventually you will be an addict. So, do not drink black coffee.

(v) He loves me. There are so many ways he was shown it. When I called him and he told me to never call him again, he first asked me how I was doing and if I passed the interview. When I told him that is none of his business, he laughed lovingly. If he can laugh with me, I know he really loves me.

5. (a) Highlight six rules that should be followed when making a valid categorical syllogism. (12 marks)
(b) Describe the arrangement that the structure of propositions in a dilemma should follow in syllogistic reasoning. (8 marks)

6. (a) Explain four essentials of a good argument. (8 marks)
(b) Highlight six limitations of using Venn Diagrams in dissemination of information. (12 marks)

7. (a) Explain four types of categorical propositions. (8 marks)
(b) Explain six roles of critical thinking in journalism. (12 marks)

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