Distinguish between “civil law” and “criminal law” on the basis of the following aspects;
i) The parties
ii) The burden of proof
Civil law: The plaintiff. The party is suing the defendant. The one being sued. Criminal law: prosecution which represent the state and the accused.
The burden of proof
- Civil law: Claimant must give proof however; the burden may shift to the defendant in situations of Res Ipsa Loquitur (the fact speaks for itself)
- Criminal law: Innocent until proven guilty. The prosecution must prove the defendant guilty