Distinguish between “civil law” and “criminal law” on the basis of the parties and The burden of proof

Distinguish between “civil law” and “criminal law” on the basis of the following aspects;

i) The parties
ii) The burden of proof

The parties:

Civil law: The plaintiff. The party is suing the defendant. The one being sued. Criminal law: prosecution which represent the state and the accused.

The burden of proof

  • Civil law: Claimant must give proof however; the burden may shift to the defendant in situations of Res Ipsa Loquitur (the fact speaks for itself)
  • Criminal law: Innocent until proven guilty. The prosecution must prove the defendant guilty



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