Define an easement; State and explain the characteristics of easements

(a) (i) An easement has been defined as a right attached to a parcel of land which allows the proprietor of the land to use the land of another in a particular manner or to restrict its use in particular extent.
The essence of an easement is that it may be positive or negative. An easement is characterized as a right in alieno solo.

(ii) Characteristics of easements
• Dominant and servient tenement: for an easement to subsist there must be adjacentparcels of land where one serves the other.
• Owned or occupied by different persons: the dominant and servient tenements mustbe owned and occupied by different persons.
• Accommodate the dominant tenement: the easement must accommodate thedominant tenement i.e. enable the tenement enjoy the right or rights in question.

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