Social Studies Paper 2 Question Paper – KNEC PTE July/August 2015


Social Studies Paper 2 Question Paper

July/August 2015
 2 hours


Question 1 is compulsory.

1. Study the map of Africa below and answer question (a).

(a) Name the:
(i) Type of natural vegetation found in the shaded area marked L; (1 mark)
(ii) Ocean current marked M; (1 mark)
(iii) European power that colonized the country marked N; (1 mark)
(iv) line of latitude marked P.  (1 mark)
(b)(i) Identify two types of forests in Kenya. (2 marks)
(ii)Describe the distribution of forests in Kenya.(2  marks)
(c) Explain the importance of conserving forests in Kenya. (8 marks)

2. (a) Identify two types of:
(i) Marriage;  (2 marks)
(ii) Families. (2 marks)
b) Explain four ways in which people living with HIV and AIDS should be supported by family members. (8 marks)
(c) Discuss ways in which HIV and AIDS affect population growth in Kenya.

3. (a) In which area in Kenya is each of the following minerals mined?
(i) Salt;   (1 mark)
(ii)  Diatomite;            (1 mark)
(iii) Flouspar;             (1 mark)
(b)    (i) What is mining?                              (2 marks)
(ii)    Describe how Soda Ash is mined at lake Magadi.
(c) State three possible solutions to the problems caused by mining.       (3 marks)
(d) Explain four contributions of minerals to the economy of Kenya.        (8 marks)

4 a) i) Name two methods that were used by the European powers to acquire colonies in Africa. (2 marks)
(ii) Identify four social factors that led to the scramble for Africa by the Europeans. (4 marks)
(b) Give six reasons why Samori Toure resisted the French invasion.
(c) Explain four results of Samori Toure’s resistance to the French invasion. (8 marks)

5. (a) Name the mode of trade used in traditional African societies? (1 mark)
(b) Explain how the following factors influence trade:
(i) Demand;        (2 marks)
(ii) Capital; (2 marks)
(iii) Quota System; (2 marks)
(iv) Government policy.  (2 marks)
c) i) Name three Eastern Africa countries that are members of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (3 marks)
ii) Explain four reasons for the formation of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (8 marks)

6. (a) (i) Identify three early political associations in Kenya. (3 marks)
(ii) Describe the role of early political associations in the struggle for independence in Kenya.      (8 marks)
(b) Give three methods used by African nationalists in the struggle for independence. (3 marks)
c) Explain three ways in which the second world war influenced the growth of African Nationalism. (6 marks)

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