Community Concerns and Development Methodologies June/July 2016 Past Paper – KNEC Diploma

Community Concerns and Development Methodologies Past Examination Question Paper – June/July 2016

This Past Paper examination was examined by the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) and it applies to the following courses:

  • Diploma in Social Work and Community Development – Module III

Note: To easily navigate through the KNEC Past Examination Paper Pdf below, Mobile phone users are advised to use Mozilla or Chrome browsers








COMMUNITY CONCERNS AND DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES
THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
DIPLOMA IN SOCIAL WORK AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
MODULE III

SECTION A: COMMUNITY CONCERNS

1. (a) Explain the meaning of the following terms as applied in community concerns:
(i) Poverty; (2 marks)
(ii) Community concerns; (2 marks)
(iii) Disaster; (2 marks)
(iv) Illiteracy (2 marks)
(b) Describe six causes of poverty in Kenya. (12 marks)

2. (a) (i) Explain the meaning of the term “food insecurity”. (2 marks)
(ii) Explain four consequences of food insecurity in Kenya. (8 marks)
(b) Describe five main causes of illiteracy and ignorance in the society. (10 marks)

3. (a) Culture may be defined as a collection of traditions, values, policies, beliefs and attitudes that constitute as persuasive context for everything we do and think in our communities. Explain five types of retrogressive cultural practices in the Kenyan communities. (10 marks)
(b) Describe five main causes of poor health among members in the community. (10 marks)

4. (a) (i) Highlight five roles of security agents in maintaining law and order in the community. (5 marks)
(ii) Explain five causes of insecurity on community development. (5 marks)
(b) Explain five causes of environmental degradation. (10 marks)

SECTION B: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES
Answer at least TWO questions from this section.

5. (a) Explain the meaning of the following concepts:
(i) Community mobilization; (2 marks)
(ii) Social action model; (2 marks)
(iii) Community entry; (2 marks)
(iv) Community participation. (2 marks)
(b) Explain six qualities of a good indicator used in monitoring participatory impact. (12 marks)

6. Distinguish between:
(i) Directive approach and non-directive approach. (4 marks)
(ii) Autocratic approach and democratic approach. (4 marks)
b) Explain six challenges faced by social workers in community mobilization. (12 marks)

7. Describe five techniques of promoting community participation. (10 marks)
(i) Explain the term Participatory Rural Appraisal as used in participatory development methodologies. (2 marks)
(ii) Explain four key features and principles of participatory rural appraisal approach as used in participatory development methodologies. (8 marks)

8. a) (i) Describe three tools that are used for participatory evaluation of a community project. (6 marks)
(ii) Explain the principles of participatory project evaluation. (4 marks)
b) (i) Explain the 3c’s theory of community entry as used in initiating community development programmes. (6 marks)
(ii) Highlight four key importance of community mobilization. (4 marks)

Share through

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.